24 November, 2011

ICT Engineering

Engineering is largely a practical activity. It is about putting ideas into action. There are several types of engineering in the field of information and communication technology (known as ICT). ICT engineering divided into 8 major, there are Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Computer Engineering, Software Engineering, Telecommunication Engineering, Computational Science, Information System, and Physics Engineering.

Telecommunication engineering is a major field dealing with basic cicuit design and strategic mass developments. A telecommunication engineer is a responsible for designing and overseeing the installation of telecommunications equipment and facilities, such as complex electronic switching systems, copper telephone facilities, and fiber optics.
Electrical engineering deals with application of electricity and electronics. Electrical engineers design everything including amplifiers, often with the aid of circuit simulation
programs. Electrical engineers require a strong background in mathematics since the solving of circuits can be very complex.

Industrial engineering is concerned with designing and manufacturing processes for a multitude of products. An industrial engineer should be able to determine what sort of manufacturing process would be most efficient and least costly to implement for the manufacture of that product. They are given a broad background in electricity, computers, mechanics, and economics.

Information Systems is an area of study bridging the multidisciplinary business world and the interdisciplinary computer science field. It explores the academics of various business models as well as related algorithmic processes within a computer science discipline. Typically, information systems include people, procedures, data, software, and hardware that are used to gather and analyze digital information.

Computer engineering is a field that combines
elements of software and electrical engineering. The primary focus of computer engineering is the design and implementation of embedded systems, that is control systems and computers embedded in everyday products. Despite the embedded systems focus, many computer engineers work in purely software engineering

Designing software applications, such as databases and operating systems are the concern of sofware engineers. Software engineers must learn many software languages in order to be versatile, since many companies will design different software products using more than one language. Software engineers are trained with software architecture in mind, although they often do the actual coding.

Computational science is the field of study concerned with constructing mathematical models and quantitive analysis techniques and using computers to analyze and solve scientific problems. In practical use, it is typically the application of computer simulation and other forms of computation to problems in various scientific disciplines.

The last type is engineering physics which does not necessarily which does not necessarily include a particular branch of science or physics. Instead, it is meant to provide a more thorough grounding in applied physics of any area chosen by student, such as optics, nanotechnology, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, or aerodynamics.

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